Qilenso

  • Country
    Ethiopia
  • State
    Southern Oromia
  • Region
    Sidamo Guji
  • Altitude
    1,900-2,000m above sea level
  • Variety
    Bourbon, Typica, Heirloom varieties
  • Processing
    Fully Washed
  • Washing Station
    Qilenso
  • Farmers
    550-600 small producers

Rich, winey acidity, brown sugar sweetness and notes of rose water, ripe berries, apricot, dark chocolate and bergamot. Full bodied and balanced.

Qilenso (pronounced “Kilen-so”) originates from the Killenso area in the Guji zone of Ethiopia’s Southern Oromia State.

Processed at the privately owned Qilenso washing station (whose name translates to ‘Air’), coffee cherries are produced and delivered daily by 550-600 small producers. The majority of producers farm organically on small plots of land (averaging 0.7 hectares) at 1,900-2000 metres above sea level.

 ABOUT THE GUJI REGION

Coffees from Guji were previously classified as ‘Sidamo’(a very wide geographical classification encompassing much of central-south Ethopia), however more recently they have been separated from this classification and recognised for their unique and distinctive cup profile. Coffees that are classified as ‘Gujis’ originate from the ‘woreda’ (administrative regions) of Shakiso, Adoola Redi, Uraga, Kercha and Bule Hora (where this lot is from).

Guji is named after the Oromo people, a tribe with a long, proud history in coffee production. Most communities in the region still live rurally and make a living from farming. Families usually live in modest homes (often a single round mud hut) and farm plots of land to grow both cash crops and food for their own consumption. Coffee remains the main cash crop for most families in the Guji region, who typically half a hectare to 1.5 hectares of coffee planted alongside food for consumption and other cash crops such as the Ethiopian banana.

VARIETY

This coffee is a blend of local varieties collectively known as ‘Ethiopian Heirloom’. All of these varieties are Arabica and most originate from a Typica predecessor, but with wild mutations that result in some exceptional and unique flavour profiles.

PROCESSING

This lot from Qilenso washing station is classified as Grade 1, indicating that only the very best quality coffee cherries from Qilenso have been selected and processed.

Ethiopia has only one main annual harvest across all growing regions, occurring from November to January. To ensure only the very ripest cherries are selected, at least four passes are made during the harvest.

After the coffee cherries have been carefully handpicked, they are delivered to the Qilenso Wet Mill, where they are processed on the same day using the ‘washed’ method. This method involves hand-sorting coffee cherries to remove any damaged or unripe fruit prior to the removal of the skin of the cherries by a disc pulper.

The resulting coffee is then graded by weight; heavier beans are superior quality and deliver a sweeter cup. After grading, the parchment-covered coffee is then soaked in tanks of clean water for 16-48 hours to remove the mucilage (sticky covering) by allowing it to ferment and detach from the coffee. The coffee is then re-washed and graded again by density in washing channels and then dried for 10 – 15 days on African drying beds, firstly under cover, and subsequently under the sun. The coffee is covered at midday to protect from full sun and overnight to prevent damage from morning dew. To ensure consistent drying results, during this stage the coffee is carefully hand-sorted and turned regularly, a task usually undertaken by women.

 WHY WE LOVE IT

This coffee is an exceptional example of the distinctly unique coffee profile produced in the Guji region. We fell in love with it on the cupping table at first taste. In the cup, you will experience a refined mandarin acidity, sweetness of brown sugar and notes of rose water, pear, apricot and bergamot.